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Having once visited Odessa, in this beautiful resort corner of Ukraine, one cannot fail to notice one sightseeing place called Odessa Archaeological Museum. It is located on a quiet Lanzheronovskaya street in an old mansion of the nineteenth century, designed by the Polish architect F. Gonsiorovsky. The museum contains exhibits starting from the period of the Stone Age and ending with the Middle Ages.
The museum has 10 exclusive halls with an area of 1100 m2, but such areas are sorely lacking to accommodate the entire collection of exhibits. Museum staff are trying to periodically change the exposure, hold separate thematic exhibitions to familiarize visitors with all the stored antiquity funds. In total, the museum has about one hundred seventy thousand different exhibits from different eras, and they belong to different peoples who lived in the Northern Black Sea region, residents of Kievan Rus, the ancient Greeks and Byzantines, the ancient Egyptians and Romans, medieval Italians.
The Archaeological Museum began to exist at the Odessa City Museum of Antiquities in 1825. The first exhibits were presented by a philanthropist from Odessa P. Blaramberg. After archaeological excavations in the south of the Russian Empire, the Odessa Society of History in 1839 presented the Archaeological Museum with a large number of unique exhibits from the era of Egyptian antiquities. They have become in our time the basis of the best collection. With the rapid increase in the number of exhibits, it was necessary to build a new building, for the construction of which money was allocated by the mayor G. Marazli, who sympathized with science.
Today, the collection is constantly updated, thanks to the annual archaeological excavations of ancient settlements. The museum exhibits are displayed so that when moving from one room to another and looking at the stands, you can even trace the historical periods of the development of culture of different eras even without a guide.
Armor of the old Russian eraCeramics in Odessa Archaeological MuseumSculpture samples
The first two halls display expositions of 2000 BC. These are unique finds from burial mounds and ancient settlements of Gumelnitsy, Usatov, Tripoli. There are exhibits of treasures of bronze and burial mounds.
The next room tells visitors about the 1000th anniversary of our era, the period of the formation of the colonial cities in the Northern Black Sea region: these are Tira, Khersones, Olbia, Nikoniy, Panticapaeum. The hall is decorated with vivid illustrations of life and culture of the ancient period, where visitors are provided with painted vessels, objects of art craft, and terracotta sculptures for familiarization.
Expositions of the period of 1000 years of our era are very interesting, where the culture of the Scythian tribes living in the steppes of the Black Sea region is presented, there are also exhibits reflecting the formation and unification of the Slavic peoples into the state of Kievan Rus. These are exhibits from Belgorod, Feodosia, the island of Berezan.
The museum has a "Golden pantry"where are precious metal items dating back to 2000 BC. In total, the collection contains more than 400 exhibits.